It wasn’t hard to design the uniform for the Roman soldiers as the design of their armour is very well known today. Roman helmets were made of iron or a copper alloy (bronze and brass). They had a ‘bowl’ - a kind of neck guard, cheek pieces (protecting the face), and a brow guard (to stop downward blows to the face).The Romans used three main types of body armour: mail – like a chain link fence but smaller, scale - like the scales of a fish and segmental – small pieces of metal joined at the corners. Body armour was worn over a padded doublet – a woollen vest/shirt. Roman soldiers carried a shield on their left-hand side. Legionaries, the professional soldiers, had a curved shield but auxiliaries, the irregular troops, had flat ones. They came is a variety of shapes - oval, hexagonal and rectangular.
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